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THERMODYNAMICS - CASE STUDY

    Introduction


Cooling Computer by a Fan
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The engineering computer lab is planning to discard some old computer parts this summer. Alex plans to build a computer by himself using those parts but is worried about the cooling capacity of the fan he obtained since the electronic components of a computer can only work under a specific temperature range. For the given fan, he needs to determine how many printed circuit boards (PCBs) he can use in the computer before it overheats.

What is known:

  • Each PCB dissipates 10 W of power
  • The air enters the box at 20 oC and 1 atm
  • The temperature at the exit can not exceed 32 oC
  • The power of the fan is 20 W. CPU and other components other than PCBs dissipates 60 W of power
  • The flow rate of the fan is 0.01 kg/s
     
    Questions


  How many PCBs can he install in this computer?
     
    Approach



 

Method 1: Consider the whole enclosure as a control volume.

Method 2: Consider the air as control volume A and the fan, the CPU, and PCBs as control volume B.