Building Canopy with New Hoist
The manager at the loading dock thought it would be a good idea to install
an electric hoist under the existing canopy. If installed on a rail system, then
large loads can be easily lifted and moved to another truck.
The existing canopy is constructed from 1.5" O.D. pipes that are connected
with ball joints. There is one truss for every 5 feet of canopy. The canopy roof
needs to carry at least 60 lb/ft2 for possible dead and live loads
(wind, weight, snow, etc.).
What is known:
- Young modulus of members, E = 29,000 ksi.
- Roof load (combined live and dead loads) equals 60 lb/ft2 and
is distributed to truss node joints (no bending in truss members).
- Factor of Safety of 2 is required.
- All truss members are steel circular pipe with an outside diameter of 1.5
in and wall thickness of 1/16 in.
- Spacing between trusses along dock is 5 ft.
- Design for buckling (assume tension stress is below yield stress).
- Assume failure mode is only buckling.